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Breed Standards

Dalmatian Breed Standard



Official Breed Standard GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Dalmatian should be a balanced, strong, muscular, active dog of good demeanor. Symmetrical in outline, free from coarseness and lumber, capable of great endurance with a fair amount of speed. Head and Skull: The head should be of fair length, the skull flat, reasonably broad between the ears but refined, moderately well defined at the temples, i.e., exhibiting a moderate amount of stop; not in one straight line from nose to occiput bone. Entirely free from wrinkle. The muzzle should be long and powerful, never snipy, the lips clean, fitting the jaw moderately close. The nose in the black spotted variety should always be black, in the liver spotted variety always brown. Eyes: The eyes, set moderately well apart should be of medium size, round, bright and sparkling, with an intelligent expression, their colour, depending on the marking of the dog; dark in the black spotted, amber in the liver spotted. The rim round the eyes should be complete; black in the black spotted and liver brown in the liver spotted. Ears: The ears should be set on rather high, of moderate size, rather wide at the base, gradually tapering to a rounded point. Fine in texture, carried close to the head. The marking should be well broken up, preferably spotted. Mouth: The teeth should meet. The upper slightly overlapping the lower (scissor bite). Neck: The neck should be fairly long, nicely arched, light and tapering. Entirely free from throatiness. Forequarters: The shoulders should be moderately oblique, clean and muscular. Elbows close to the body. The forelegs perfectly straight with strong round bone down to the feet, with a slight spring at the pastern joint. Body: The chest should not be too wide but deep and capacious with plenty of lung and heart room. The ribs well sprung, well defined wither, powerful level back, loins strong, clean and muscular, and slightly arched. Hindquarters: Rounded, muscles clean with well developed second thigh, good turn of stifle and hocks well defined. Tail: In length reaching approximately to the hocks. Strong at the insertion gradually tapering towards the end, it should not be inserted too low or too high, be free from coarseness and carried with a slight upward curve, never curled. Preferably spotted. Feet: Round, compact, with well arched toes (cat feet) and round tough elastic pads. Nails black or white in the black spotted variety, in the liver spotted - brown or white. Gait: The Dalmatian should have great freedom of movement. A smooth, powerful rhythmic action with a long stride. Viewed from behind, the legs should move in parallel the hindlegs tracking the fore. A short stride and paddling action is incorrect. Coat: The coat should be short, hard and dense, sleek and glossy in appearance. The ground colour should be pure white. Black spotted dogs should have dense black spots and liver spotted dogs liver-brown spots. They should not run together but be round and well defined the size of 5 cent to a 50 cent coin, as well distributed as possible. Spots on the extremities should be smaller than those on the body. Size: Overall balance of prime importance, but the ideal height to be aimed at is dog 58.4 - 61 cm (23" - 24"), bitches 55.9 - 58.4 cm (22" - 23"). Faults: Patches, black and liver spots on the same dog (tri colour). Lemon spots. Blue eyes. Bronzing and other faults of pigmentation. Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Siberian Husky Breed Standard



Official Breed Standard from the NZKC TEMPERAMENT: Friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. Should not display traits of guard dog, nor be unduly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs. Some measure of reserve and dignity expected in mature dog. Intelligence, tractability and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker. CHARACTERISTICS: Medium size, moderate bone, well-balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, correct tail and good disposition all most important. GENERAL APPEARANCE: A medium sized working sledge dog, quick and light on his feet, free and graceful in action, with a well-furred body, erect ears and brush tail. His proportions reflect a basic balance of power, speed and endurance. Males appearance masculine but never coarse, the bitches feminine but without weakness of structure. Neither sex heavy or cobby. In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, should not carry excess weight. Head and Skull: Head presents a finely chiselled fox-like appearance, neither clumsy nor too fine. Slightly rounded on top, tapering gradually from widest point to eyes. Muzzle of medium length and width, neither snipy nor coarse, and tapering gradually to rounded nose. Distance from tip of nose to stop equal to distance from stop to occiput. Stop clearly defined but not excessive, and line of nose straight from stop to tip. Nose black in grey, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; and may be flesh coloured in pure white dogs. In winter, a pink-streaked "snow-nose" acceptable. Eyes: Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set somewhat obliquely. Expression keen but friendly, interested and even mischievous. Eyes may be any shade of blue or brown; one of each colour, or parti-colours equally acceptable. Ears: Medium size, relatively close together, triangular in shape, height slightly greater than width at base. Set high on head, strongly erect, and at attention carried practically parallel, inner edges quite close together at base. Slightly arched at the back. Thick, well furred outside and inside, with tips slightly rounded. Mouth: Lips well pigmented and close fitting. The jaws should be strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e., the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Medium length, arched and carried proudly erect when standing. When moving at a trot, extended so that head carried slightly forward, not too long, or too short and thick. Forequarters: The shoulder blade well-laid back at an approximate angle of 45 degrees to the ground. Upper arm angling slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and never perpendicular to the ground. Muscles and ligaments holding shoulder to rib cage firm and well-developed. Straight or loose shoulders highly undesirable. When standing and viewed from the front, forelegs moderately spaced, parallel and straight, with elbows close to body and turned neither in nor out. Viewed from the side, pasterns slightly sloping, with wrist strong but flexible. Length of leg from elbow to ground slightly more than distance from elbow to top of withers. Bone proportionate to size. Dewclaws may be removed. Body: Back straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup, of medium length, not cobby, nor slack from excessive length. In profile the body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup slightly longer than the height from the ground to the top of the withers. Chest deep and strong but not too broad, deepest point just behind and level with elbows. Ribs well sprung from spine but flattened on sides to allow for freedom of action. Loin slightly arched, well muscled, taut and lean; viewed from above, narrower than rib cage. Slight tuck-up. Croup sloping away from spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict rearward thrust of hind legs. Hindquarters: Viewed from the rear when standing, hind legs moderately spaced and parallel. Upper thighs well-muscled and powerful, stifles well-bent, and hock joint well-defined and set low to ground. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed. Feet: Oval in shape, but not long, and turning neither in nor out in natural stance. Medium in size, compact, well-furred and slightly webbed between toes. Pads tough and thickly cushioned. Trimming fur between toes and around the feet permissible. Gait: Smooth and seemingly effortless. Quick and light on his feet and, when in the show ring, gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in forequarters and good drive in hindquarters. When walking, the legs moving parallel but, as the speed increases, gradually angling inward to track close (single tracking). As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hindlegs carried straight with neither elbows nor stifles turning in or out, and each hindleg moving in the path of the foreleg on the same side. Topline of back remaining firm and level during gaiting. Tail: Well-furred round fox-brush shape set on just below level of topline, and usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog at attention. When carried up, not curled too tightly, nor should it curl to either side of the body, or snap flat against the back. Hair of medium length and approximately the same length all round. A trailing tail normal when working or in repose. Coat: Double and medium in length, giving a well-furred appearance, and never be so long as to obscure the clean-cut outline. Undercoat soft, dense of sufficient length to support outer coat. Guard hairs of the outer coat straight and somewhat smooth-lying, never harsh, rough or shaggy, too silky, nor standing straight off from the body. Trimming on any part of dog, except on the feet, not allowed. Colour: All colours, including white, are allowed, and all markings. A variety of markings on the head common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds. Weight and Size: Height: Dogs: 53 - 60 cm (21 - 23.5 in) at the withers Bitches: 51 - 56 cm (20 - 22 in) at the withers. Weight: Dogs: 20 - 27 kg (45 - 60 lb) Bitches: 16 - 23 kg (35 - 50 lb). Weight should be in proportion to height. These measurements represent the extremes in height and weight, with no preference given to either extreme. A dog should not exceed 60 cm (23 in) or a bitch exceed 56 cm (22 in). Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. Note:

Parson Russell Terrier Breed Standard



GENERAL APPEARANCE: Workmanlike, active and agile; built for speed and endurance. Characteristics: Essentially a working terrier with ability and conformation to go to ground and run with hounds. Temperament: Bold and friendly. Head and Skull: Flat, moderately broad, gradually narrowing to the eyes. Shallow stop. Length from nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Nose black. Eyes: Almond shaped, fairly deep-set, dark keen expression. Ears: Small V-shaped, dropping forward, carried close to head, fold not to appear above top of skull. Mouth: Jaws strong, muscular. Teeth with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Clean, muscular, of good length, gradually widening to shoulders. Forequarters: Shoulders long and sloping, well laid back, cleanly cut at withers. Legs strong, must be straight with joints turning neither in nor out. Elbows close to body, working free of the sides. Body: Chest of moderate depth, capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average size hands. Back strong and and straight. Loin slightly arched. Well balanced, length of back from withers to root of tail equal to height from withers to ground. Hindquarters: Strong, muscular with good angulation and bend of stifle. Hocks short and parallel giving plenty of drive. Feet: Compact with firm pads, turning neither in nor out. Tail: Strong, straight, set on high. Preferably docked with length complimenting the body while providing a good handhold. Gait/Movement: Free, lively, well co-ordinated; straight action front and behind. Coat: Naturally harsh, close and dense, whether rough or smooth. Belly and undersides coated. Skin must be thick and loose. Colour: Entirely white or predominantly white with markings which are tan, lemon or black, or any combination of these colours, preferably confined to head or root of tail. Size: Height: Dogs minimum 33 cms (13 ins) at withers ideally 35 cms (14 ins) at withers. Bitches minimum 30 cms (12 ins) at withers ideally 33 cms (13 ins) at withers. Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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Email: charizelle@farmside.co.nz
Giselle Fletcher
"Charizelle Dalmatians and Parson Russell Terriers"
New Zealand
Ph:+64 7 8896611
021 343356

"Snowolf Siberian Huskies"
New Zealand
PH: 64 7 8896611
Cell: 021 343356

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